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As the fruit matures it gets stringy and bitter. The fruit is cooked. Known as “aubergine” in Europe, the name “brinjal” is … Daunay, M.-C., and J. Janick. 2013. inflorescence varied within individual plants as well as between accessions. 2010. Stamens equal, with the filament tube 2-3 mm long, the free portion of the filaments 1.2-3 mm long; anthers 5.5-7.5 mm long in long-styled flowers, 5.5-6 mm long in short-styled flowers, connivent, tapering, poricidal at the tips. To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. Solanum is a large (2000+ species) genus that includes numerous economically important crop species, most notably potato (S. tuberosum), tomato (S. lycopersicum), and eggplant (S. melongena). Sepal tube is bell-shaped 1 cm in diameter. Solanum melongena in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. esculentum 'Saneness': Common Name: Brinjal, Eggplant, Aubergine Solanaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes agricultural species such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), eggplant (S. melongena), pepper (Capsicum annuum), and potato (S. tuberosum). in part by the National Science Foundation. Wang, J.-X., T.-G. Gao, and S. Knapp. agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. 100-200 per berry, 2.9-3.2 mm long, 2.2-2.5 mm wide, flattened-reniform, orange-brown. Copyright: various copyright holders. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Knapp, S., M. S. Vorontsova, and J. Prohens. Solanum insanum is a member of the Eggplant Clade (Weese & Bohs, 2010; Vorontsova et al. Solanum melongena, commonly known as eggplant or aubergine, belongs in the plant family Solanaceae, which also houses tomato, potato, nicotine and the poisonous deadly nightshade plant. Like the fruit crop cultivars of S. aethiopicum, it often exhibits fasciation in the flowers with an increase in the number of flower parts up to 8 and straight thick styles not exserted further than 2 mm beyond the anthers. The transition from the vegetative to reproductive stage has been extensively investigated in tomato as i … Early domesticates recorded from 300 BC in India and from 59 BC in China are likely to have been small, globular, and bitter (Wang et al. 2002). We depend on Nov. Regni Veg., Beih.. 16: 1-320. Solanum melongena is a cultivated to semi-wild herb with large shallowly-lobed leaves with rounded lobes and large white or purple flowers, grown for its large edible white, yellow, or purple fruits. Solanum melongena can be distinguished from S. cerasiferum by its obtuse to cordate leaf bases (versus attenuate leaf bases in S. cerasiferum) and rounded leaf lobes (versus rounded to acute leaf lobes in S. cerasiferum). 2008 for a similar situation in the cultivated tomato, S. lycopersicum L., and its wild progenitor, S. pimpinellifolium L.); cultivated plants are in a completely different evolutionary environment with different selection pressures than their wild progenitors. Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally prickly. Most of the s… 1.2- Species Solanum melongena L. - Eggplant + Overview Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species in genus Solanum L. in tribe Solaneae of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. Uses. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057039. 2013. Ghana: Atropo (Ga language, Hall & Bukenya 47135). Lester also hypothesized that escape into the wild could have led to the formation of small prickly weeds S. insanum L. (sometimes called S. undatum and S. cumingii, groups E and F, here recognized as S. insanum, see also Knapp et al. a sighting. J. G. Hawkes, R. N. Lester, M. Nee, and N. Estrada, 369-387. Taxon 59: 49-56. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SOME) CalPhotos (SOME) … Most commonly purple, the … Madagascar: Yundahl (Lunt 164). Local Names. Sci. Leaves simple, the blades 10-23 cm long, 9-15 cm wide, 1.5-2 times longer than wide, ovate, chartaceous, drying discolorous; adaxial surface yellow-green to red-brown, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent; abaxial surface glaucous, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent, with porrect, sessile or stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2, the rays 5-8, 0.3-1 mm long, the midpoints ca. Monogr. [LINN 248.28]). L. E. All images and text © * Selvamuthukumaran T, Arivudainambi S (2005) Helicoverpa armigera Hübner on brinjal, Solanum melongena Linn. The origin of Solanum melongena is in Asia, but the exact place of domestication in not clear (see references in Knapp et al. is shown on the map. Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). esculentum (Dun.) Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Though the basic type of ... (Solanum melongena L.) bear study of large collection from many countries hermaphrodite flowers in clusters as well as singly showed that, in 21.5% of varieties, the stigma Ovary stellate-pubescent in the upper 1/4; style ca. They are mainly found in Central and South America. Wild Solanum melongena is found in the area of Myanmar–Yunnan where it developed from the Solanum incanum complex, which had previously migrated into Asia from the Middle East and East Africa. To reuse an same length as the rays. The characters distinguishing S. melongena from the rest of the eggplant clade are mainly those directly associated with cultivation: larger fruit, altered fruit shape and color, and lack of prickles. (intentionally or 2008. Spec. Related Links. Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) in 20 years). On trouve Solanum melongena à l’état sauvage dans la région du Myanmar et du Yunnan où il s’est formé à partir du complexe Solanum incanum, qui avait précédemment migré vers l’Asie à partir du Proche-Orient et de l’Afrique de l’Est. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. 2013). Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of vegetables, which also includes tomatoes, sweet peppers and potatoes. Fruit a globular to ovoid, ellipsoid, or oblong to variously curved berry, 1 per infructescence, 3-20 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, the pericarp smooth, green, sometimes mottled or striped, white, pink, mauve, purple, or black when young, usually white or maroon at maturity, glabrous; fruiting pedicels 2.5-8 cm long, 2-4 mm in diameter at base, woody, pendulous, with 0(-5) prickles; fruiting calyx lobes elongating to 12-50 mm long, 1/4-1/3 the length of the mature fruit, often cup-shaped around the fruit in some cultivars, with 0(-30) prickles. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. The relationships of the African eggplant relatives are supported by results from molecular phylogenetics (Weese & Bohs 2010; Vorontsova et al. Note: when native and non-native 467, 155-162 Acta Hortic. Show Within that group it belongs to the strongly supported Eggplant Clade (Vorontsova et al. Solanaceae. Repert. 2007. Bot. 2013). In global terms 90% of production is concentrated in China, India, Egypt, Turkey, and Japan (Lucier & Jerardo 2006). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). same length as the rays, unarmed on both surfaces; the primary veins 4-7 pairs, the tertiary venation visible on both surfaces; base cordate to obtuse; margins lobed, the lobes 2(-3) on each side, 0.5-2 cm long, extending 1/4-1/3 of the distance to the midvein, deltate, apically rounded; apex acute; petiole 1-10 cm long, 1/4-1/3(-2/3) of the leaf blade length, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent, with 0-2 prickles. 2002; 29(1):84-86. populations both exist in a county, only native status Cultivated in Uppsala, Sweden, Anonymous s. n. (lectotype, designated by Schönbeck-Temesy 1972: LINN! Syst. Modern understanding of eggplant origins has its origins in work done by members of Richard Lester’s group at the University of Birmingham (Lester & Hasan 1991). Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum= Lycopersicum esculentum) are the most common articles for cooking. Young stems terete, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent and unarmed, occasionally prickly, with porrect, translucent, sessile or occasionally stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2 mm long, the rays 8-15, 0.3-0.7 mm long, the midpoints ca. Doganlar, S., A. Frary, M.-C. Daunay, R. N. Lester, and S. D. Tanksley. Solanum is among the largest genera, having more than 1500 described plant species (Chen, 1997). Non-native: introduced For an account of cultivation history and early illustrations see Daunay & Janick (2007). Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Lester, R. N., and S. M. Z. Hasan. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Solanum melongena subsp. All rights reserved. Solanum melongena can be distinguished from S. insanum by its lack of prickles or acicular prickles never more than 0.5 mm wide, and restricted to calyces and sometimes also stems and petioles. These occur laterally (between two leaves) as the stems elongate. Shimla Mirch). Flowering and fruiting throughout the year. Interpreting Wetland Status. 173: 176-193. doi:10.1111/boj.12053. state. Solanum melongena 102: 891–897. For details, please check with your state. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is related to a large number of wild species that are a source of variation for breeding programmes, in particular for traits related to adaptation to climate change. Solanum melongena is a domesticate derived from S. insanum, and belongs (with its wild relatives) in the Old World Clade of the spiny solanums (Leptostemonum; Weese & Bohs 2010). Genetics 161: 1713–1726. Each flower has five slender finely hairy sepals 2 to 3 mm long, five white to cream star-shaped petals each about 1 cm long, five elongate yellow stamens and a central stigma. Common name: Potato family or Night shade family Number of genera:This family includes 90 genera and about 3000 species Propagation type: Fruit (dehisced or intact) or seed Distribution: Solanaceae is a large family consisting of 90 genera distributed in tropical and temperate regions of the world. Solanum melongena L., the cultivated Brinjal egg- plant, was originally described by Linnaeus (1753) who considered plants cultivated in Asia, Africa and America. Domestication took place in the area between India, Myanmar and China, where many primitive or weedy eggplant types are still found. The first reports of the use of Solanum melongena as a … Calyx 10-40 mm long in long-styled flowers, 7-10 mm long in short-styled flowers, moderately stellate-pubescent, with 0(-30) prickles, the lobes 5-17 mm long in long-styled flowers, 3.5-5 mm long in short-styled flowers, deltate to narrow-deltate, apically acute to long-acuminate. , only Native status is shown on the map vary from state state. 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